Pepper is a climbing plant able to grow tendrils of 10 metres length. Pepper has been used as a spice for more than 3000 years. Pepper plants do bear first fruits after 3 years and can be harvested over a period of 10 to 20 years. Harvested pepper is green, does however turn black during the drying process. The wrinkled pepper skin is the product of shrivelled fruit flesh.
The seeds can be started indoors at any time throughout the year. Leave the seeds to soak in water for a few hours. Then mix moist cultivation soil with 1/4 sand. Press the seeds 1 cm deep into the soil and cover them with the mixture. Place the cultivation container in a very warm location. Ideal temperatures for germination are 25° to 30°C. High humidity inside the cultivation container (spray mist) is helpful for germination.